Productivity World Champion is Sierra Leone anyway!
- 2.5 tonnes per hectare is the harvest productivity of Sierra Leone. On rank 2 is China with 2,2581 tons and on rank 3 Vietnam with 2,2503 tons.
- The many wild-growing coffees are increasingly cultivated organically, including Robusta, Liberica, Stenophylla and Excelsa.
- The cultivation areas are: Moyamba, Bo, Kenema and Kailahun.
- The Coffea Liberica, which grows all year round, grows in the lowland up to 300 m height is a coffee giant with 20 m tree height.
- It was discovered in Sierra Leone in 1834.
- The beans are considered to be comparatively substandard because they are harder and less juicy. The fruits contain less sugar, but more caffeine.
- Even if Liberica has the longest maturation process of 12-14 months, the plant is resistant to worms and coffee rust, more productive and more durable than Arabica and Robusta trees.
- Tastefully bitter and intense and therefore more likely to be found in blends.
- However, She is part of the the crossing with Arabica to the well-known Maragogype, which is cultivated mainly in Mexico and Nicaragua.
- Origanally from Sierra Leone, Coffea Stenophylla was discovered in 1890: a particularly small-leaved coffee plant, cultivated at a height of up to 700 m.
- The well-known “Highland Coffee” is made from those beans.
- The plant needs little water. The beans are round and large, and the fruits become black during ripening.
- Mild in taste, not typically African “earthy”, Stenophylla coffee is almost comparable to tea.
- By the nature of a low caffeine content, one can drink the coffee also perfectly in the evening.
- Coffea Excelsa (1% of world production), discovered in 1904 on Lake Chad, is also cultivated in Sierra Leone.
- The plants are sober and thrive even on drier soil, with satisfying harvest productivity despite long maturity as with Liberica.
- But they have a high caffeine content.
- The beans are very similar to Robusta coffee: strong and full-bodied and particularly aromatic.