Mozambique produces wild coffee

Mozambique produces wild coffee

No. 52 of the world’s coffee producers still have wild coffee.
  • In the first decades of the 20th century, coffee was exported from the island of Ibo to Europe.
  • After a crisis in the 1970s to the 1980s, the number of plantations declined significantly.
  • Until 1990, the country produced 1,000 tonnes of green coffee.
  • In the meantime, it is far less. A correspondingly small role the Mozambican coffee has on the world market.
  • In the Mount Gorongosa’s rainforest Arabica coffee is cultivated on 30 hectares since 2013.
  • But there is also wild coffee, Coffea racemosa, which is called Mozambique coffee.
  • At altitudes of up to 1,500 m, the plants grow up to 3.5 m in size, grow well on sandy soil and need relatively little shade and last up to 9 months dry period.
  • The leaves clustered on short lateral spurs or spaced out on the branches.
  • The flowers are white to pinkish, about 2 cm in diameter. And the fruit is almost spherical, purple to black when ripe.
  • In Mozambique, Coffea racemosa is grown on the north-facing Quirimbas archipelago and small areas on the mainland near coconut palms and banana trees for their own use.
  • The so-called Ibo coffee has a low caffeine content and intense herbal aromas such as laurel, mint, eucalyptus and licorice
  • Mozambique coffee further grows only in Zimbabwe and South Africa.

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