On the 10th of June, the Portuguese celebrate their national holiday probably with Galao and Pastel de Nata
Dia de Portugal, de Camões e das Comunidades Portuguesas
- In the first place it is the death of the deceased national poet Luís de Camões, who wrote the National Epos “The Lusiaden”.
- In honor of Camões the city of Lisbon celebrates its city holiday on 10 June.
- What should not be missing in Portugal is coffee! And so it is prepared:
Preparation of Galão, Bica and other coffee specialties
In Portugal, caffeinated and decaffeinated coffee are always chosen. Milk froth is not common and a glass of milk is ordered as “Copo de leite”.
Espresso is served with sugar and sometimes with a cinnamon stick instead of a spoon. And of course you have a Pastel de Nata* with your coffee!
How each coffee looks like, you can see by clicking.
- Bica/ Café – Espresso (half an espresso cup).
- Italiana – short espresso, a ristretto.
- Café cheio – espresso lungo.
- Abatanado – Americano, large black coffee (120-180ml of hot water poured over a single or double espresso)
- Carioca – weak espresso. A carioca is poured after a bica without using new ground coffee.
- Galão – Galao is simply Portuguese milk coffee in the glass. 1/4 coffee, 3/4 steamed milk
- Mazagran – The coffee in Portugal in summer! 100ml chilled filter coffee, 50ml lemon juice, sugar to taste over ice in a glass
- Café com Aguardente – „espresso with liquor“.
- Café com Cheirinho – „espresso with fragrance“.
- Café com Música – „espresso with music“ – espresso with a dash of brandy, medronho* or other liquor.
- Garoto: espresso with milk in the ratio 1: 1.
- Garoto pingado oder Pingado: espresso with a drop of milk (with very little milk).
- Café com gelo – an espresso (with sugar) on ice.
- Meia de leite – milk coffee, optionally as:
- meia de leite escura – with more coffee.
- meia de leite clara – with more milk.
- meia de leite com café de máquina – with espresso.
- meia de leite com café de filtro – with filter coffee.
- Café americano/ Abatanado – an espresso is pulled so long until a cup is full.
- Café duplo/ Abatanado duplo – two espressi are drawn so long until a cup is full.
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